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Cauliflower is a vegetable low in calories and high in fiber, calcium and magnesium.
In summary, what you need to know:
Last name : Brassica botrytis
Family : Brassicaceae
Type : Vegetable, biennial
Exposure : Sunny
Ground : Fresh, deep and moist and rich
Harvest : June to November
- Health: benefits and virtues of cauliflower
Maintenance, from sowing and planting to harvest, will help you have beautiful cauliflowers.
Sowing and planting cauliflower
Cauliflower comes in different forms and requires different growing conditions and times.
Growing cauliflower is much slower since it takes almost 7 months between sowing and harvest.
- Sow in the month of March April under cover for an autumn harvest
- You can also start sowing in February, in a warm place.
- Sow in May to July directly in the ground for a harvest in winter if the cabbages are protected from November
Plantation of cauliflower purchased in a cup:
The ideal planting time is just after the last frosts, around mid-May, until September for a harvest in November.
- Plant the cauliflowers in good garden soil, ideally enriched with nitrogen manure
- Space each plant 60 to 80 cm in all directions
Caring for cauliflower
As soon as the plants have minimum 3 to 4 sheets, transplant directly in place while protecting your crop if this is to be done before May.
- Transplanting is done every 40 cm.
This spacing is necessary to give the plants room to develop.
- Transplant in a well plowed ground.
Cauliflower is water hungry and should be watered, especially in drought conditions.
- Water regularly but moderately to maintain good humidity.
- Avoid watering the foliage to avoid fungus
- Good mulching helps maintain moisture in the soil
- Good hoeing allows you to limit the number of waterings ...
One of the main enemies of cauliflower remains mildew. Moisture is the main cause of the development of late blight.
- Avoid watering the foliage of your cauliflower
- Do not tighten the plants too much to ventilate the foliage as much as possible
- Find our advice for fight against mildew
Note also that it is sensitive to attacks from cabbage worms, this caterpillar which creates holes in the cabbage.
Note also that cauliflower can be the target of aphids and, of course caterpillars.
For these 2 pests, avoid at all costs chemical treatments that may contaminate your vegetables and the soil in which they grow.
When and how to harvest cauliflower, when is the best time:
Harvesting of cauliflower takes place almost throughout the year depending on the sowing periods.
Harvesting takes place about 3 months after planting but this may vary depending on climatic conditions.
Wait until the head is firm and pull or cut close to the ground because there will be no other harvest on this plant
Protect your cauliflower from November for a winter harvest
Provide your cabbages with nutrients (fertilizer, manure compost and algae) to stimulate growth and above all to improve your harvest!
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- > Health: benefits and virtues of cauliflower
Photo credit: L. Bouvier